Obituary: Keppel Earl Enderby (1926–2015)

Kep EnderbyOur esteemed and beloved Kep, former president of the UEA and AEA, died on 8 January. Due to his activity in the Esperanto movement, people all around the world are mourning.

Kep was born on 25 June 1926 in Dubbo NSW and attended the primary and high schools there. In 1944 the 18-year-old joined the Australian Air Force as trainee pilot (1944-45), and then also flew helicopters until his 60s. After World War II he studied law at the University of Sydney, and during 1950-54 at the University of London, where he later worked as a lawyer and a lecturer.

In 1951, as an amateur golfer, Kep participated in the British Open, and showed so much talent that he beat champions such as Kel Nagle and Norman Von Nida, played with such eminent people as Peter Thompson, and even for a time wondered whether to become a lawyer or professional golfer.

In 1955 he returned to Australia and practised law in Sydney. He moved to Canberra in the ’60s, from 1962 becoming a lecturer at the Australian National University (ANU). During the ’50s and ’60s, he was an active lawyer for civil rights; he helped establish the NSW Council for Civil Liberties – always a great passion of his. In 1970, in a by-election, he was elected Labor MP for the Australian Capital Territory (ACT). In 1972 Prime Minister Gough Whitlam made him the first Minister for the ACT (later renamed Canberra) and the Northern Territory.

Kep quickly showed his ability, holding several ministries. He was responsible for Australian industry and later for justice. In February 1975 he was made Attorney General. He achieved much, including laws to decriminalise both abortion and homosexuality in the ACT, and laws to create no-fault divorce in Australia. According to colleagues, his parliamentary service was filled with distinction. He was widely respected in various political and jurist circles.

In 1975 the Labor Party lost the election and Kep returned to law. From 1982 until his retirement in 1992 he was a judge in the Supreme Court of NSW. Until 2000 he headed the Serious Offenders Review Council. He always strongly advocated for prisoners’ wellbeing, believing that up to 80% of the Australian prison population should be released; according to him, incarceration of most criminals was counterproductive. However, he not only applied the law correctly and justly, but also according to his conscience. He presided over the Voluntary Euthanasia Society of NSW for 6 years. He and Dorothy ardently defended the right for someone to end their own life when it is no longer tolerable.

They moved from Canberra to Balmain, enjoying sailing, flights in light aircraft, reading and… an introduction to Esperanto. Kep’s uncle was a UEA delegate; here was the seed of the interest. Kep learnt Esperanto in 1987 with the help of an Australian diplomat and a staunch Esperantist, Ralph Harry. Of course, as a lifelong champion of human rights, civil liberties and the oppressed, Kep firmly believed that the international language, if spoken all over the world, would reduce conflict between people. No doubt many would consider this as romantic and quixotic. But the heart of Kep, as of Zamenhof, sought international harmony this way. Kep was also an avid reader of the works of the anarchist Prince Pyotr Kropotkin and fervently supported the Global Non-nationalist Association (Sennaciecan Asocion Tutmondan, or SAT).

Kep was president of AEA from 1992 to 1997, in which year he led the organisation of the 82nd World Esperanto Congress in Adelaide. The following year, 1998, he was elected president of UEA. He was a member of the Committee of UEA for four periods 1992-2004, as well as president of the English Legal Association 1996-2002. La Ondo de Esperanto (The Wave of Esperanto) made him Esperantist of the Year 1999. In 2004 he was elected a member of the Honorary Patrons’ Committee of UEA. Not surprisingly, having been a member of parliament, a lawyer and an ardent reader, Kep excelled in his speeches and articles.

Overall, a remarkable man. Farewell, Kep, a good-humoured, dedicated man, with an impertinent sense of humour and an unforgettable smile. Our deepest and sincere condolences to Dorothy and the Enderby family.

Vera Payne

Kep & Dorothy Enderby

Kep & Dorothy Enderby

Kep Enderby (left), 1996, Adelaide. Photo: Katalin Kovats

Kep Enderby (top-left) at the 90th birthday celebration of ex-PM Gough Whitlam


Kep was an important leader of the Esperanto movement in Australia and the world, and a very good friend to many of us Esperantists. When I first met him in Toowoomba (he travelled often to support Esperanto in many states) I hardly spoke Esperanto and I was amazed that it was so easy to be friends with the president of AEA. I was proud also about his activity outside of Esperanto, defending human rights.

It was a touching experience to participate in the second Asian congress of Esperanto in Hanoi with many Australians, together with Kep. In 1972 Kep was a minister in the Australian government, which stopped the war against Vietnam. In 1999, during the congress, Vietnamese honoured Kep, the then president of UEA.

Kep and Dorothy will remain in historical stories and in our hearts.
Hazel Green

My first awareness of Esperanto was when I heard a radio interview with Kep Enderby on the ABC on a plane. He inspired me and convinced me of the value and idealism of Esperanto. After I told him about his conversion of me, he always regarded me as his special disciple.
Steven Pitney

Although I met Kep only a few times, I remember him as a clear-thinking, energetic, positive Esperantist. And I also have much sympathy for many of his other views (e.g. concerning human rights and Australian Aborigines) and the fact that he really tried to improve relations between UEA and SAT.
Sandor Horvath

As a politician Kep was able to travel for free to many congresses to represent Australia. Owing to his knowledge and capability he successfully wrote a constitution for radio 3ZZZ and convinced the management to accept Esperanto among over 70 community languages. He was a very kind gentleman.
Jennifer Bishop

I have never met Kep but I have heard some of his wonderful speeches and wonderful reports by him. Everyone at the Esperanto League of WA will join me in expressing my condolences.
Trish O’Connor

Important details for congress registrants

Information regarding the 2015 Esperanto congress and summer school, Melbourne

How to get to the congress venue

International Esperantists or Esperanto speakers from other states, who intend to use public transport in Melbourne, and who will be travelling by “Skybus” from the airport or who will be travelling by train to “Southern Cross” station, must buy a “Myki” visitor card ($14 or $7 concession). This visitor card includes a map and instructions for the use of the card. These can be bought at booths next to the Skybus stops at the airport. They are also available at the station (next to Collins Street). It is better if you put extra money on the card when you buy it, because the initial cost only gives you one day of travel.

Tickets are NOT for sale in trams, buses or on trains!

After buying the Myki card, catch tram no. 86 or 96 (destination: Brunswick) until Elizabeth Street, get out and catch tram no. 19 (destination: North Coburg) and get out at stop 15.

The gate to International House, 241 Royal Parade, Parkville, is a brightly coloured arch.

The alternative is to go to the International House by taxi, only 2km from the city centre.

Accommodation – arriving and departing

Accommodation will be available from 12 noon and you will need to vacate your room before 10am on the day you leave.


Registration will start at 2pm. The first event will be the communal evening meal.

Volunteer librarian needed

The Library and Archive of the Australian Esperanto Association, held in Esperanto House (close to Redfern Railway Station, Sydney) is maintained by a retired librarian in Canberra who visits several times per year.

A retired librarian, or someone with library experience, based in Sydney, is needed to give local assistance in maintaining order in the collection of approximately 4000 items.

Contact Huigh Malcolm (

Second AMO seminar – Sidney, Canada

A view of the seminar
On 9 and 10 July 2014, thirty or so activists from Canada and the United States, plus visitors from China, Japan and Taiwan, and I from Australia, participated in a two-day seminar for activist development (“AMO-2”) in the coastal town of Sidney (British Columbia, Canada). The seminar addressed the theme “The strategy and practice of Esperanto promotion in North America”, under the guidance of Dr Mark Fettes, president of UEA.

The Mary Winspear Center, Sidney BC, the seminar venue

Within the program were several presentations and discussion sessions, and various workshops on specific topics. At the end of the seminar four working groups were created, on:
– development of technical resources
– the use of social networks
– responses to FAQs, and
– creating a framework for further efforts towards sustainable development.
Each group aims to build upon ideas and discussions from the seminar, to prepare concrete recommendations and information resources over the coming months.

In the opening plenary, Fettes pointed out that information is more effective when it touches the feelings and emotions of people. Although one should not neglect rational arguments for Esperanto, a priority is the communication of core values – for example, that Esperantists are open, inclusive, inquisitive, educated, and with a high sense of personal responsibility. According to him, promotion of Esperanto should clearly show that Esperantists are multilingual and diverse people, who in turn understand and love human diversity.

Dr Mark Fettes presents the opening plenary

In another thought-provoking contribution, “How to talk to language teachers”, Grant Goodall challenged certain favourite myths of our movement. According to him, the irregularity of ethnic languages does not give as big a problem for learning as Esperantists tend to imagine. While American language teachers share some of our criticisms on the dominance of English, many of them see as a big problem in the spread of Spanish as a “second language for all” in American schools. Thus it is necessary, when in contact with language teachers, to stress our conviction that all languages are worthy of being taught and learnt.

A workshop on being interviewed by journalists led to an additional one on how to answer the most “ticklish” questions about Esperanto. In parallel were workshops about social networking and the creation of audiovisual information materials, such as videos.

One of the workshops

Some of the ideas which Fettes explored also evolved into a further working group. In a discussion about core values, the group realised that it would be necessary to rethink the look and content of the basic media and websites of the North American associations, to better communicate these values to the general public. For example, one could collect short personal testimonies and stories, from people of different ages, regions, ethnicities, etc., about the educational and interpersonal value of Esperanto, to graphically illustrate the colourfulness and inclusivity of the movement.

It became clear that we do not know enough about the backgrounds, motives, interests and abilities of those who are interested in Esperanto. Thus was born a project to survey several groups – such as association members, people seeking information about the language, lernu-users and NASK students – and to collect and analyse such information. With the support of the governing bodies of Esperanto-USA and the Canadian Esperanto Association, and specialist advice from Ĵenja Amis (a Master’s student in marketing), a small team will realise this project in the coming months. If it turns out to be useful, it could be a model for other national associations, such as our own (AEA).

Many interesting and useful pieces of advice were discussed. I hope to follow this report with more detailed notes, but in the meantime, amongst the pieces of advice from the seminar were the following (regarding contact with journalists, in interviews, media releases and articles):
– Find a concrete anchor or hook, e.g. an anecdote or quotation about a particular person, event or achievement.
– Avoid too many internal terms, abbreviations and esperantisms (e.g. “congress” and “Esperantist” – better would be a “conference” and “Esperanto speaker”).
– Pay attention to local culture and the ways that certain words and concepts are interpreted, such as “international”, “planned”, “constructed”, “artificial”, “universal” and “neutral”.
– Do not invent ”facts” in an interview. If you don’t know an answer, say so, and say something that you actually do know. Obviously, however, the more you know, the better!

Jonathan Cooper

[I would like to thank Dr Mark Fettes for his permission to use parts of his own report as a basis for my own.]

Report on the 2014 Congress and Summer School

Canberra, 3–12 January 2014

In the Australian National University in Canberra, one of countless buildings is called Ursula Hall. This is where the Board of AEA organised the Australian Esperanto Association 2014 Congress and Summer School.

About 52 eager people took part, from Korea, Nepal, Indonesia, Germany, New Zealand, Vietnam, New Caledonia, Hungary, and even more from Australia.

We met in a very clean, beautiful and large room. On the second evening (Saturday) Trevor Steele led a quiz, which amused us all, despite the fact that he prize was to be only the winner’s pride.

On Sunday morning there was an ecumenical church service. This was very interesting. We heard about many different religions and learned much. There was also some excursions to interesting places in the Australian Capital Territory.

The food and drink in the congress were many and varied. Perhaps many of us ate far more than was good for our health, but they were delicious.

There was a few performances of various kinds, for example the Nepalese Evening, presented by Indu Thapalia and Bharat Ghimire. We heard everything worth knowing about Nepal. Afterwards, Indu presented some Nepalese dance. Little by little, many beautiful fellow Esperantists joined in.


Indu Thapalia leads fellow Esperantists in a modern Nepalese dance

Jonathan Cooper spoke brilliantly about art. Lumera Nohill also spoke, about the Korean Esperanto youth movement. She spoke very clearly, interestingly and without mistakes.

Dmitry Lushnikov led a discussion of ideas, about Esperanto Television, Esperanto House and language festivals. Rainer Kurz showed several videos of a film competition held in Germany. The screening actually became a ‘tiny film festival’: We chose our favourite videos and the winning one was awarded the ‘Australian People’s Choice’.

There was also a small language festival. Languages ​​covered included Chinese, German, Hungarian, Indonesian, Korean, Nepali, Pitjantjatjara, Russian, Slovak and Vietnamese.


Dr Markus Gabor speaks about the Hungarian language

Of course, no one could attend everything, but here are a few other highlights:
• Huigh Malcolm and Terry Manley gave a talk on “The Archival History of the AEA”
• Daniel Kane talked about the famous Jørn Utzon, who built the world famous Sydney Opera House
• Charming Mary Staykova spoke of her aunt, Belka Beleva (a really very beautiful and touching speech)
• Trevor Steele spoke of the “Australian [Esperanto] Anthology”
• Heather Heldzingen talked about the World Congress in Iceland in 2013

lecturer and screen

Maria Staykova talks about her aunt, the famous Esperantist actress, Belka Beleva

On Friday, the choir entertained us beautifully with touchingly beautiful songs. There were also a number of plays and the day ended with a “disco”.

One of the beautiful songs sung by the choir

On the second-last day there were several excursions. One very interesting one was to a place where some scientists explore and communicate with Mars, Jupiter and many other planets and spaceships. We also went to see the National Arboretum. The banquet took place in a modern Thai restaurant on the final evening; the food was very tasty, but the noise in the place was hard to bear. Diplomas were handed out, etc., but the auction took place back at the college.


Bharat Ghimere presents a certificate to a course participant, during the banquet

Overall it was an excellent congress. Everyone was cheerful and helpful. It was a very great pleasure to learn something new and get to know friends from all over the world.

(Description of the congress based on a report written by Bob Felby)

Some comments by participants

I thought and felt the congress was very nice. I was able to meet everyone and talk, and also to eat and sleep well. So, the place lacked nothing. This event once again proved to me that Esperantists are indeed friendly, helpful, kind, clever and inquisitive people. Eko and I, on behalf of the Indonesian Esperanto Association, thank AEA for treating us as good friends.
Andre Samosir (Indonesia)

I was very pleased with the congress. I liked to attend the various lectures every day. I hope that in the future more Australian young people will come.
Lumera (Korea)

I very much liked the lessons and the opportunity to participate in a lesson, which I’d never done before. However, I often wanted to listen to the morning presentations, which happened at the same time.

The congress venue was good, comfortable and in a good place in Canberra. As well, Canberra is an ideal place for a national congress, interesting and not too hot.

The food was also good.
Mark Schmidt (Australia)

The conference was full, with much to do. The first, fun evening gave a good start and afterwards we were indeed well acquainted with each other.

I liked my course (Trevor’s) and heard good reports about the other two.

Eko (Indonesia)
I was very pleased that I could meet a lot of new friends who have given me new experiences. So, I will have some interesting stories to tell the Esperanto speakers in Indonesia. Many thanks to AEA for its generosity. Long live Esperanto all over the world!
Hazel Green (Verda Nukso) (Australia)

I now speak a little bit of Esperanto. The company was good. I’ll tell everyone about the Esperanto Congress.
Elizabeth Hellenpach (Australia)

I was very glad to have participated in the Australian Congress. I have learned much, not just the language, but also about history, artworks and Esperanto movements in various countries. I took part in the intermediate course and my level of Esperanto has improved. I had a very interesting time with Australian Esperantists. It was a wonderful time in my Esperanto life. Many thanks to AEA. I wish success to AEA.
Duong Tu Kieu (Vietnamio)

I heard a lot about Australian congresses and summer schools. So, luckily, this year I managed to participate in one. It was a nice congress, which took place in a beautiful part of Australia. Each participant was friendly, helpful and charming. I participated in the advanced course. The teacher was Trevor, a famous Esperanto author. I liked his teaching. He so charmingly and clearly explained the issues. Also, I was pleased with the bedrooms and the food. I hope that I can return to Australia sometime.
Indu Thapaliya (Nepal)

Download full program (PDF, 270 KB)

Website offline for a week

From 4 to 11 June 2014, this website was offline, due to a ‘hardware failure’ with the web server.

Initial investigation indicates that everything is the same as it was before the failure, but if you find anything strange, please let us know.

If you tried to send an email to AEA (to an address ending with ‘’) during the offline period, please try again.

Adelaide winter school

This year’s winter school was a one-day event on Sunday, 8 June 2014. Fourteen interested people assembled in the comfortable rooms of the Box Factory community centre, two of them from Whyalla (400 km from Adelaide). Sandor Horvath taught the beginners, and Trevor Steele the intermediates. After a communal lunch, organised by Indrani Beharry-Lall, were speaking games, personal stories, short talks and discussion of linguistic and organisational issues. We had fun and learned at the same time. Several participants shopped in the small bookshop.

– Katja Steele

Cathy Taggart entertains the group with a puppet show

The youngest participant

Diligent couple: Birgitta and Michael

Paul Desailly talks

The nearly complete group

Esperanto-TV launched

Esperanto TV

Sydney, Australia: The only IPTV channel in the world, in the international language of Esperanto, debuted on 5 April 2014. This new television channel is broadcast via high-speed Internet with IPTV technology. It is available worldwide via any device with a high-speed Internet connection, i.e. Internet-enabled TVs, computers, tablet computers and smartphones (Android and iOS), and further growth and customer support is planned for other continents mid-2014. The content is mostly in Esperanto, and consists of original or dubbed, unique and attractive programs, and also carefully selected videos created by contributors around the world.

The main purpose of the new broadcast channel “Esperanto-TV” is to deliver attractive content to all levels of speakers of Esperanto, from beginners to native speakers. Some programs will also be available in other languages, e.g. language courses for English speakers.

Esperanto-TV is the result of cooperation between the Sydney-based Language Festival Association and the Australian media company iStreamStudios. A representative of the Board of Esperanto-TV, Richard Delamore, describes its purpose as ‘To serve and grow the Esperanto community around the world, and also to provide non-Esperanto speakers with insights into this unique community.’

Richard Delamore and Dmitry Lushkinov at the launch