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New UEA board elected

In its first session during the 104th World Congress, the Committee of UEA (Universala Esperanto-Asocio = World Esperanto Association) elected a new Board to lead the Association for the next three-year period.

UEA Board 2019

In the presence of 35 members of Committee A, representing the affiliated national and specialist associations, and 5 members of Committee B, elected by the individual members, the Committee firstly completed itself by the election of 9 members of Committee C: Duncan Charters, Andreas Diemel, Mark Fettes, Trezoro Huang Yinbao, Dennis Keefe, Zsofia Kóródy, François Lo Jacomo, Stefan MacGill and Rakoen Maertens.

There were nine candidates for the Board in total, including two candidates for President: Duncan Charters and Fernando Maia. The other candidates were Chen Ji, Trezoro Huang Yinbao, Aleks Kadar, Orlando Raola, Jérémie Sabiyumva, So Jinsu and Amri Wandel. The Committee needed three votes to decide on the size of the new Board, but finally supported the recommendation of the Electoral Committee on eight positions.

The most contested election was for the President. Both candidates confirmed their willingness to collaborate in a board led by the other, and both emphasized the need for a harmonious, collaborative atmosphere. In the first round, neither of the two candidates received the required majority. In the second ballot, Charters was elected with one more vote than Maia.

The new Board ended up as follows: Duncan Charters (president); Fernando Maia and Trezoro Huang Yinbao (vice-presidents); Aleks Kadar (Secretary General); and Orlando Raola, Jérémie Sabiyumva, So Jinsu and Amri Wandel. The division of tasks decided by the Board during its Wednesday session is as follows:

  • President: Duncan CHARTERS – Coordination, Strategy, Education, Relations with ILEI
  • Vice President: Fernando Jorge PEDROSA MAIA Jr – Central Office, Constitutional Reform, External Relations (except for UNESCO), America, Relations with TEJO, Relations with Member Organisations
  • Vice President: HUANG Yinbao (Trezoro) – Finances, UNESCO
    Secretary General: Aleks KADAR – Administration, Twin Cities, Esperanto Centres, Europe, Esperanto magazine
  • Orlando E. RAOLA – Culture, Congresses, Library, Publishing, Research and Documentation, Terminology
  • Jérémie SABIYUMVA – Africa, Activist Decelopment
  • SO Jinsu – Asia, Oceania, Informtion and Friends of Esperanto
  • Amri WANDEL – Scientific and Specialist Activities, Middle East and North Africa

The new Board took office on Monday, 22 July, within the framework of the third Committee meeting in Lahtio.

[UEA Press Release, No. 812, 2019-07-25 (translated) CC BY 4.0]

Where’s Heather?

NOTE: The contest is now closed

You might know “Where’s Wally”. Well… Where’s Heather?

Below is a photo of the participants of the 2019 World Esperanto Congress in Lahti, Finland. One of the many faces is that of Heather Heldzingen, the hard-working treasurer of AEA (and Melbourne Esperanto Association) and a presenter for the 3ZZZ Esperanto program.

Photo of world congress participants, with a grid added
Foto: Jonathan Phileas
Click the picture to see it at full size. (You might then have to click the picture that appears, to zoom in.) You can download it to your computer by right-clicking (or control-clicking if you have a Mac) and choosing “Save Image As…” from the menu that appears.

So, can you find Heather? If you are the first or second and you live in Australia, you will win a free Esperanto book. (Choose from the list below.)

To help you, here is a photo of Heather:
Heather Heldzingen

Note which square Heather’s face is in (e.g. the red building in the distance is in square E15) and email your answer to webmaster@esperanto.org.au.

If yours is the first or second correct email I receive, I will email you to get your mailing address and your preferred book.
Note: Limit of one response per person.

Prize books – choose one

And here is the photo without the grid:
Photo of world congress participants, Lahti, Finland, 2019

Happy hunting!

– Jonathan Cooper, AEA website manager and vice-president


The contest is now closed. The winners are:
1. Nicole Else
2. Tristan McLeay

The solution is: K4.

Four full days in Esperantoland

By Terry Manley (Armidale, NSW)

(English translation of an article originally published in Esperanto sub la Suda Kruco, vol. 26[2], no. 135, June 2019)

6 people working in the archive

I arrived at Esperanto House on Tuesday, 23 April, and met Franciska, who also came to help with the archive at Esperanto House. After a bit of a chat we went shopping and, returning to the club, had dinner. Dmitry had left a mattress and sheets for me on the upper floor where I slept. It was pleasing to hear Franciska’s fluent, clear voice and have a chance to talk [in Esperanto] face to face, which I miss in Armidale.

On Wednesday morning Sandor, Jonathan, and Heather with her granddaughter, Elizabeth, arrived. So there were six of us to fill the space and work on the archive. After a brief meeting… we started working. I write “started” but immediately there was hesitation, as we noted how much work we faced to classify, order, unbox, scan, record, etc, the contents of the room. But deciding that a journey of a thousand steps starts with the first, we started.

Heather and Franciska concentrated on putting the already numbered books in order onto the selves. And they continued doing this for three days, because there were so many books. I congratulate them for such diligent focus, without which the task would not have been completed. On the first day, Sandor and Jonathan explored boxes that contained Australian items, specifically photos. They also discussed the system of ordering books. Since others had already started with the Dewey system we agreed to continue likewise. There are both advantages and disadvantages with this system in the cases of specialist collections. The Esperanto collection is classified as if Esperanto were its own country, not as in a normal Australian library.

At 2:30pm we went to the state art gallery. Through Meetup Jonathan had organised to guide a group for one hour at 3pm. Our group and four others – James, Doris, Helen and Dmitry – met for the tour. Jonathan showed us some paintings from the collection and explained how you can see echoes of both shapes and colors in some paintings. He also showed us the use of the “golden ratio” by one painter. Five of us decided to stay on to look at some more paintings and to watch a film. The film was ”A Touch of Zen” from Thailand, 1971.

Guided tour at the Art Gallery

On Thursday, Alan Turvey arrived at Esperanto House. Again, Heather, Franciska and I continued the shelving of the books, while Sandor, Alan and Jonathan photographed, digitised and recorded photos from the boxes. I feel that the work is a like a self-guided course, where we learnt about the Dewey system, how many books are involved in each category, and also how Esperantists have worked hard to create this literature, both original and translated, including specialist books. Some of us learnt how best to use a mobile phone to photograph things. We learnt about some treasures from our collection, first editions and rarities.

On Thursday evening four of us – Heather, Sandor, Franciska and I – went to meet [Esperanto speaker] Daniel Kane in Epping for dinner at a pizzeria. It was an evening of good-hearted chat, remembering the past and catching up.

On Friday six of us – Elizabeth, Heather’s granddaughter, had returned – worked on the archive. Up from the ground floor floated beautiful music from a Russian singing group, who had come to rehearse. Before starting we had the opportunity to visit the studio behind Esperanto House, and the artists who work in it. Hugh has leased the space from EFNSW (Esperanto Federation of NSW) since 1995 and has been successful enough to continue working there since. He has gathered a community of local artists and the atmosphere was vibrant and extremely interesting for us.

Then we managed to put nearly all the numbered books onto the shelves and do lots of photography. We also started to organise some Esperanto items such as those relating to UEA (World Esperanto Association): year books, congress books, etc. We want to acknowledge the work of those who had previously taken care of the archive. Ralph Harry, Peter Hai and Huigh Malcolm need special mentions. Many of the bound collections of newspapers are already on the shelves thanks to Huigh.

At 3pm we met together and showed each other what we had done individually and again summarised the group’s goals and discussed plans to continue the work. After 4pm many Russian children came to the club to paint and make other artefacts related to their culture. It was good to note that the club really lives through the extension to groups from other cultures. In the evening Franciska and I went to Newtown, where we ate in a Thai restaurant. By chance we bumped into Heather and Elizabeth on the street.

Early on Saturday, I went to Manly beach, where I enjoyed swimming in the clear, smooth waves. Later I met Roger Springer, Sandor and Franciska at the Bavarian Café. It was not a usual Saturday for that [Manly Esperanto Club], so we thank Roger for coming to meet us and for the drinks. Roger brought Eunice Graham’s photo albums to donate to the archive. Sandor and I said good-bye because we were going to a language festival in Gordon, which Dmitry had organised. It was a very friendly event with about 20 participants. We learned a bit about Tamil, Hindi, Arabic, Tangut (an ancient language near Mongolia), Dutch, and a language from a small group in Russia. Dmitry presented that last one. Also, Sandor introduced Esperanto.

Arriving at Esperanto House in Dmitry’s car, I was ready to rest, but the club was so active that this was not possible. In the courtyard was a group of actors and assistants who were making a movie in the artists’ studio. They ate and chatted. Dmitry, with a friend Sam, led a chess group on the upper floor. I looked in and there were 10–12 of them. In the room below Richard Delamore was teaching Esperanto to 12 young people. He entertained them with a lively lesson on the rules of the “good language”.

Feeling the need to wind down a little, I left the chess-lovers and young people to their activities. I walked with Sandor across the university grounds to the place where he was staying. It was more tranquil between the impressive sandstone buildings with their beautiful archways and courtyards, without the constant traffic going past.

Returning to the club I found it quiet. There was only a silent duo playing a final chess game.

Good night.

Three-day archive working bee

Between 24th and 26th April, Jonathan Cooper (Gosford, NSW), Heather Heldzingen (Melbourne), Sandor Horvath (Adelaide), Franciska Toubale (Melbourne) and Terry Manley (Armidale, NSW) participated in the archive working bee at Esperanto House, Sydney. Alan Turvey (Wyong, NSW) also participated on the 25th.

We started ordering books, scanned about 800 photos and discussed at length how to organize our books, magazines and other things. Some results will hopefully appear soon on our website. Of course, there is much more to do, so if anyone wants and is able to help, please contact us.

Helpers in the archive in

During the afternoon of the 24th, Jonathan led the group, plus several other Esperantists, through a part of the Art Gallery of NSW (where he worked for more than 30 years).

Group at the Art Gallery of NSW

Five aims of the archive

1. To conserve the collection

Esperanto House is the most continuously available place to keep the archive. So…
• Let’s explore how best to keep old rarities in the collection.
• We recommend purchasing suitable containers for conserving and displaying collection objects in safe conditions

2. Make the content available and promote it to the Esperanto community

The Internet would be the most effective means, but this depends on resources both human and technical. So…
• Let’s register the content on the website
• Let’s photograph where appropriate
• Let’s scan rarities
• Let’s lend for research

3. Promote through archive items

• Let’s exhibit rarities, either online or physically (in appropriate containers), for propaganda

4. Add items to the collection

• Let’s look for shortcomings in the collection, especially items about Australia, and ask Esperantists to donate

5. Sift through the collection

• Let’s separate non-rare duplicates: either put them in the library or – if these are superfluous – offer them to clubs or individuals

– Jonathan Cooper and Terry Manley

Passing of Margaret Chaldecott


It is with great sadness that we announce that our dear friend Margaret Chaldecott passed away on 25 March 2019.

Margaret was a member of the Sydney Esperanto Society for a long time and, from 1964, has been at various times secretary, president and board member of the Esperanto Federation of New South Wales (and the editor of the newsletter “Telopeo”) and a board member of the Australian Esperanto Association. She was a delegate of UEA for many years.

Through dedicated members like Margaret, the movement has survived and prospered for many years and for this we are very grateful to her.

Esperanto speakers who knew Margaret are invited to the funeral, which will take place at Gregory & Carr, 850 Pacific Highway Gordon, on 4 April at 11am.

Esperanto on SBS radio

On 6 June 2018 a journalist (Amelia Dunn) and videographer from the Australian radio and television station SBS spent an hour and a half interviewing several Esperantists at Esperanto House, Sydney. The result (so far) is a short radio program/podcast: Universal but obscure language making a comeback with internet.

Joanne Cho talks to journalist Amelia Dunn as other Esperantists listen (Photo: Nicole Else)

Richard Delamore talks to journalist Amelia Dunn as other listen (Photo: Jonathan Cooper)

Comments on the Second Three-country Congress

At the end of the Second Three-country Congress in Bekasi, Indonesia, 2018, we asked participants to give us their comments. Here are the results:

  • I liked the course and the performances, the dancing and the singing. I especially liked the presentation of Sandor, Heidi and Elstara.
  • I can not speak Esperanto, so I’m sorry for English …
    I feel so blessed to be able to attend the congress. All of the people there were so kind and friendly. Too bad, my Esperanto is not good, but I’ll study hard after this congress. I got a lot of knowledge here. Not only did I learn more about Esperanto, but also other languages and cultures. And the most important thing: I feel like I got a new family.
  • I had an enjoyable time at the congress. I now have many new friends from other countries. Please forgive me. Thank you all. I love you.
  • At the beginning I spoke nervously, but in the meantime I got new friends. I want to come to the next congress. I was sad to say good bye to my friends. Many thanks to the LKK and those from other countries for visiting us.
  • I liked the program, especially the presentation by Sandor, Carlos and Albert. I liked poems to the Indonesian movement, the dances, the plays and songs. I am very pleased that I have met many people from your country.
  • The congress was good, but I regret that more people didn’t participate in the presentations.
  • In my opinion it wasn’t a very nice place. The location of the first congress was much more appropriate, with grass. We were much more outside, etc. Now we were continually inside, and outside there is no pleasant shade and a lot of traffic. Inside there was too much air conditioning, etc – many were sick because of that. It was too expensive for everyone, so much needed to come from other places every day. A smaller city would be better, and not a huge hotel. Several speakers did not have a very low language level. (??)
    Positive: Diversity of the lectures, Skype lectures.
    Negative: Apparently there were announcements made for everyone. There was sometimes a bit of information missing, for example, at the beginning about where one will eat in the morning.
  • I am Alfrinadi, a beginner. I think congress was very good. I learned Esperanto during the congress. I want to participate in Esperanto congress outside Indonesia.
  • I knew you very well at the congress, but I do not know much about your life, because I have not talked to you yet. However, I think you have a good vision and plans for the future. Esperanto gives us a new way, a new life.
  • I was glad I could participate in the congress, because I can meet new friends in various regions and countries. I hope I can participate in the next three-country congress and meet other Esperantists. Many thanks.
  • Better than I expected. Very pleasant atmosphere I was very sorry that we did not eat together. Perhaps the foreigners can support the Indonesians and East Timorese next time. The program was varied and the presentations were well prepared. I’m very sorry that not even one veteran could come. Good, attractive excursion on Saturday. I really like the vehicle-less day on Sunday morning. Until the next event.
  • A great rich program. Too much even. A good, convenient room. Skyping progresses, still often problems, but expert users usually solve them. Excellent, attractive congress book. Food management gradually improved during the congress. Let’s improve the communication about excursions. The artistic evening and East-Timorese presentation were excellent.
  • I enjoyed the congress very much. If we could eat together, it would be better. If we could live together, it would be even better. You do not need to have such a luxury hotel. The warmth of choirs was pleasing to me. We laughed a lot. Thanks to everyone! – Hadie
  • Congratulations to the organizers of the three-country congress. And hearty thanks for the beautiful and wonderful congress. I enjoyed learning a lot.
  • Instead of exhausting everyone’s energy with the late-night program, let’s have shorter and less activities: 9:00am – 5:00pm, dinner, finish. Choose less costly accommodation & lower priced restaurants. Some Esperantists are not rich. A local community hall for the last day dinner with everyone bringing some food and fruits. Many thanks. – Marumi Smith (Melbourne)
  • I didn’t understand what was happening most of the time, but I enjoyed it. A good program. The illustrated presentations were much easier to follow for me as I could make some connections with the words and the pictures. Great camaraderie among participants. – Greg Jeffs
  • I enjoyed the congress because I could meet Esperanto friends, whom I did not meet very well. I could be friends with new friends, especially with the East Timorese. I know that participants were not as many as in the last three-country congress.
  • It was a good congress. I enjoyed it very much. My teacher is good. I hope we will not have more congresses.
  • I really enjoyed the friendship and conversations. Maybe too many lectures. Maybe a religious service would be good?
  • Hello. I am Mateus de Sena and I’m a beginner. During the congress I liked the presentations of Heidi, Sandor, Carlos and Albert, because they gave good news and at the same time I learned new words. I really enjoyed meeting new friends from different countries. And I also enjoyed our excursion. It was my first congress. Thank you from Mateus
  • I really liked the atmosphere and friendship of all the congress participants and thank the organizers for this wonderful and fruitful congress. The participation of the young people in this region and their cooperation is [esplorplena?], as well as the collaboration of Indonesians, East Timorese, Filipinos, Australians, New Zealanders and people from other countries. Thanks to everyone. Continue in the friendly and fraternal way for Esperanto. – Carlos
  • Generally interesting. A good opportunity to meet people from other countries. Again, the “western” countries provided the older people, while the others provided the young people. Although I enjoyed the luxury of the hotel, I think that a hotel not so luxurious would be more suitable, so as not to divide the participants. This time there were clearly two groups: those who could pay and those who couldn’t. I did not much like the visit to “mini Indonesia”: too many cars everywhere. Due to changes in the program I arrived late, I missed shows. I definitely preferred the art gallery. In future, think about more possibilities for exchanges, mainly not emphasising the haves and the have-nots.
  • I really thank the organisers (because I know that it is usually the same small number of diligent workers).
    – I enjoyed the games during the ice-breaker evening
    – The individual lectures were good
    – The car-less walk was a miracle. I enjoyed finally seeing the local population on the street playing, laughing, riding bicycles, walking, chatting
    – For me, the dirty air in the cities is surely in my memory and a good reminder that I am lucky to live in a clean place
    – The best experience was to chat with people from other countries and become friends with them
  • Firstly, I greet you from this heroic city. And on behalf of the LKK, I apologise to all if you have been experiencing any unpleasantness. We confess that we have made many mistakes, but hopefully that was not important for you.
  • My experience of the three-country congresss was cool. I was glad to meet new and old friends. I’m also happy that I could strengthen the link with other LKK members and Indonesian Esperantists. Thanks, three-country congress.
  • My name is Tiwi. I’m a beginner. It’s too hard for me to express all my joy with Esperanto, but I’ll keep learning and improving. The congress was interesting. I learned Esperanto from many people. I also acquired new friends. I loved this. Many thanks!
  • According to me, the congress was a little disorganised, because sometimes things did not work together. Eg, the banquet and the excursion. But I was happy to see a lot of young people from Indonesia and East Timor talking in Esperanto. I want them to talk even better at the next congress. But the most important thing is unity and I hope more people will come to the next three-country congress. In this congress there were not that many people from New Zealand and Australia. I also hope there will be more vegetables and greens, and that food ingredients would be identified (vegan, vegetarian).
  • Generally it was good, but I thought there was a lot of difference between young and old. I really felt the difference of the “second class”. I think the Esperanto movement is in transition, because many young people now speak Esperanto. There must be a plan for everyone together in the next congress. Money is an important thing for many. The rich must support the poorer more.
  • 1. The lectures were good.
    2. The theatre pieces were good.
    3. The Saturday excursion was very good
    4. Very good were the presentation of the congress book.
    Bad things: There was no common congress food. The walls between the Zamenhof room and the adjacent room were not thick enough. We heard the noise from the neighboring room.
  • My name is Eĉa. Today I feel sad. Why will this day end? However, I am very happy to join you from Korea, from Australia, from Belgium, from New Zealand, from East Timor and from Spain. First of all, I thought it would be difficult being next to you. I will never forget that moment. I learned more Esperanto, so now I can talk with you. I love you all.
  • Esperanto is for unification, not for hatred among Esperantists. The congress venue / lectures should not be so cold, because the air conditioner actually made a lot of people sick.

Farewell message from Albert Garrido

A breath of fresh air
A farewell message from Albert Stalin Garrido (Philippines)

AEA invited Albert to the second three-country congress in Bekasi. It was the first time to hear something about Esperanto in the Philippines.

Albert Stalin Garrido

Dear congress-participants and friends,

With regret I apologise because I could not take part in the closing ceremony with you, because I had to fly out at 11am. I could not even properly say goodbye, specifically during the banquet, because I had to leave early to take the opportunity to buy souvenirs in the bazaar.

Indonesia is a very wonderful country. As I have said many times, it reminds me a lot of Manila. With the cultural and linguistic diversity, it is colourful and it is the challenge for us to discover even more deeply the wonderful things in these colours.

The three-country congress is a breath of fresh air for me. This is my sixth congress, but the first five were especially for older people, with whom I have understandable differences, views or experiences, etc. So, it is my first opportunity to participate in an international Esperanto event, whose participants were mostly young people. I see with my two eyes that the Esperantist youth both in Indonesia and in East Timor are really growing, and they cause the flourishing of competent participants in the movement, strengthening the fire in my heart. That fire is my constant affirmation that southeast Asia is the hope of our movement. And that we still have much work to do to promote the success already begun. I thank all the young Indonesians and East-Timorese who have the enthusiasm to show their skills and knowledge during various programs, and who also interacted with interest with me. Well, I’m generally a timid man, but the passion of interaction flows from that energy shown by them.

The East Timorese present “capoeira”

I’m also glad to get acquainted with Australian and New Zealand Esperantists, with whom I previously had almost no contact. It was indeed strange that despite the relative proximity between the Philippines and those two countries, we have not really had any kind of cooperation. On the other hand, I also thank the Australian Esperanto Association that made my trip possible and has thus effectively established relationships between our movements. Hopefully, the movements in both countries will continue to contribute to strengthening relations between countries in Asia and the Pacific.

Overall, I’m glad that through the three opportunities in which I could share my knowledge (The Philippines, the Philippines movement and Tagalog), many started to have a fresh knowledge of us. I always find energy to open the eyes of foreigners to my country, especially about our country’s Esperanto movement, which unfortunately remains relatively isolated from the rest of the international community.

Having said all that, I invite you to keep in touch with the Philippines Esperanto community, and I hope we will see each other very soon, whether in Indonesia again, or elsewhere, or even in the Philippines, where I will welcome you with all my heart. Returning home, let’s continue to plan and act more passionately to advance our noble cause.

Always forward!

Albert Stalin Garrido